[See Periodic Table of the Elements] Carbon occurs naturally as carbon-12, which makes up almost 99 percent of the carbon in the universe; carbon-13, which makes up about 1 percent; and carbon-14, which makes up a minuscule amount of overall carbon but is very important in dating organic objects.
Just the facts Carbon: From stars to life As the sixth-most abundant element in the universe, carbon forms in the belly of stars in a reaction called the triple-alpha process, according to the Swinburne Center for Astrophysics and Supercomputing.
Perhaps most humbling is how scientific inquiry irradiates the imperfect fidelity between our subjective intuitions about reality and its actual nature.
C-14 (or radiocarbon) dating is one such mechanism purposed to improve our understanding of the earth’s past in meaningful ways.
In older stars that have burned most of their hydrogen, leftover helium accumulates.
Each helium nucleus has two protons and two neutrons.
Furthermore, gentle gravitational waves ripple across the face of this planet every day, creating the weather of our atmosphere.
How, at some willowy point in your 11th or 12th year, you learned that recorded history begins with the appearance of writing?
There were the Mesopotamians with their cuneiform scripts; the Egyptians' hieroglyphs and demotic scrawls; and later, the Greeks and Romans, whose societies form the backbone, for better or worse, of our own—if only because they kept such meticulous records.
You're talking about relativity, so you need to explain your frames of reference.
We're on earth along with all the effects you mention, so there's no time dilation.