, English: The Terrifying One; literally: Father of Dread), commonly referred to as the Sphinx of Giza or just the Sphinx, is a limestone statue of a reclining sphinx, a mythical creature with the body of a lion and the head of a human.
The nummulitic limestone of the area consists of layers which offer differing resistance to erosion (mostly caused by wind and windblown sand), leading to the uneven degradation apparent in the Sphinx's body.
The evidence for an earlier Sphinx has been duly published in appropriate journals , discussed at major scientific meetings without being falsified  and thus far the hypothesis of an older Sphinx has not been convincingly refuted.
34‑39.] The Great Sphinx of Giza, Egypt, has long been thought to have been carved de novo by the Fourth Dynasty pharaoh Khafre (Chephren) about 2500 B. Recently I have determined that, in fact, the Great Sphinx was built in stages and I have estimated that the earliest portions of the statue (the core body of the Sphinx) date back to the period of 7000 to 5000 B. My redating of the Sphinx is now well ‑ established.
This name is given to royal statues of the Fourth dynasty of ancient Egypt (2575–2467 BC) and later in the New Kingdom (c.
1570–1070 BC) to the Great Sphinx more specifically., English: The Terrifying One).
To begin with, one must realize (as I did not at first) that the dating of the Great Sphinx seems to be a very touchy subject for most modern Egyptologists. Still, most living Egyptologists maintain that the Sphinx was built by, or at least around the time of, Khafre.
The first of several ancient repair campaigns to the weathered body of the Sphinx was done with typical Old Kingdom style masonry, but the core body of the Sphinx was already deeply weathered when this earliest repair work was carried out.
The concept of an 'Alternative Egyptology' school is nothing new.
It's been around almost forever, but has lain hidden for the most part beneath the public image of the academic Egyptologists' interpretation of Egyptian prehistory as presented in their standard chronology.
Did cultures ranging across vast spaces in geography and time, such as the ancient Egyptians; early Buddhists; the Maya, Inca, Toltec, and Aztec civilizations of the Americas; the Celts of the British Isles; and even the Mississippi Indians of pre-Columbian Illinois, simply dream the same dreams and envision the same structures?
"GIZA: The Truth is one of those long awaited books that presents a more complete history of the Giza plateau than has been previously published by both the 'alternative' and 'orthodox camps'.